[URBANTH-L]WEB: EURE: Latin American Journal of Urban and Regional
Studies (online archive)
acjancius at ysu.edu
Tue Jul 19 20:13:37 EDT 2005
[x-posted from H-Urban]
From: Eric Weiss-Altaner <weiss-altaner.eric at uqam.ca>
This message introduces "EURE: Revista latinoamericana de estudios
urbano regionales" (EURE: Latin American Journal of Urban and Regional
Studies) and gives the table of contents of the December 2004 issue,
which is available online.
EURE: URBAN STUDIES SINCE 1970
EURE is published 3 times a year by the Instituto de Estudios Urbanos
(Institute of Urban Studies) of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de
Chile (Pontifical Catholic University of Chile). EURE is a respected
journal that has been in continuous publication since October 1970.
That is 35 years of "interesting times" that have made Chile into an
international model for contrasting strategies of social organization,
economic growth and urbanism.
Those interested in Latin American urban research will be glad to know
that the Spanish text (with English abstracts) of issues 70 through 91
(December 1997 through May 2005), is available online on the site of
SciELO Chile: http://www.scielo.cl/
SciELO Chile is part of the Scientific Electronic Library Online
(SciELO), a collaborative project of Chile's National Commission for
Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT) and similar research
organizations in Brazil, Cuba, Spain and other countries in Latin America.
If you are comfortable with Spanish, you can get to EURE itself by
clicking "lista alfabética" under the column entitled "seriadas". Then
read down the alphabetical listing and click " EURE (Santiago) -
Revista latinoamericana de estudios urbano regionales". The subsequent
splash screen offers several ways of consulting and searching through
the available volumes.
If you are more at ease in English, look among the left-hand tabs and
choose "english". Then choose "alphabetic list" from the "serial
browsing" column. This will bring up the alphabetical list of journals.
EURE's DECEMBER 2004 ISSUE
EURE's December 2004 issue focuses on Santiago, Chile's capital. The
issue is entitled "Santiago, cambios y persistencias ("Santiago,
change and continuity").
Let me interject a demographic note about the city. Santiago was the
main beneficiary of Chile's population explosion (the vital revolution
of falling mortality and high fertility). It was also the main
destination of the strong rural-urban exodus that reflected and
contributed to the social tensions of the 1960s and 1970s. Santiago
doubled its population from 1.3 million in 1950 to 2.8 million in 1970.
The pace of growth was a rapid 4.2% per year in the 1950s and 3.2% in
the 1960s. The annual rate of growth kept decreasing thereafter: 2.8%
in the 1970s, around 2% in the 1980s and a slowest 1.3% in 1995-2000.
Still, Santiago's population almost doubled again between 1970 and
2000, when it stood at 5.3 million.
Since 1950, Santiago has been by far Chile's primate city: 37.4% of
Chile's urban population in 1950 and 40.2% in 2000. This last ratio
showed a slight falling off from the 1990 level of 41.8%.
[Data are from http://esa.un.org/unup/, the United Nations' Population
Division 2003 revision of its urban database, "World Urbanization
TABLE OF CONTENTS
EURE (Santiago) v.30 n.91 Santiago December 2004
INTRODUCTION TO THIS ISSUE
Santiago, cambios y persistencias
texto en español ["text in Spanish"]
ARTICLES [English summaries, texts are in Spanish]
FUENTES, Luis y SIERRALTA, Carlos. Santiago de Chile, ¿ejemplo de una
reestructuración capitalista global?. EURE (Santiago), dic. 2004,
vol.30, no.91, p.7-28. ISSN 0250-7161.
Terms like "global city", "diffuse city", "dual city", among others,
deserve to be discussed and contrasted with urban processes that are
been taking part in Santiago de Chile in the last decades. This article
attempts to discuss the convenience of grant to Chile's capital city
these and others adjectives, commonly used in the urban literature
KEYWORDS : urban reconstruction; liberalization; informationalization;
HIDALGO, Rodrigo. De los pequeños condominios a la ciudad vallada: las
urbanizaciones cerradas y la nueva geografía social en Santiago de
Chile (1990-2000). EURE (Santiago), dic. 2004, vol.30, no.91, p.29-52.
Through the examination of enclosed urbanizations within the
Metropolitan Region of Santiago, Chile, the spatial distribution of
this type of development and its effects on the social landscape of
Santiago are examined. During the 1990's, the construction of different
types of condominiums showed an evolution marked by an increase in the
size and number of housing units, situation that had a ect effect on
the social geography of the municipalities involved.
KEYWORDS: enclosed urbanizations; socio-spatial transformations;
Santiago de Chile.
RODRIGUEZ, Alfredo y SUGRANYES, Ana. El problema de vivienda de los
"con techo". EURE (Santiago), dic. 2004, vol.30, no.91, p.53-65. ISSN
Chilean social housing policy is considered a success. During the last
fifteen years the massive housing production has managed to reduce
housing deficit, and many Latin American governments are imitating it
financing model. However, this successful policy has ended up by
creating new urban and social problems: segregation, fragmentation,
insecurity, overcrowding. Consequently, it is pointed that a proper
housing policy must currently include new criteria, mainly related to
the quality of the product, the locating of the built neighborhoods and
beneficiaries residential mobility.
KEYWORDS: public housing; urban policies; Santiago de
SABATINI, Francisco y WORMALD, Guillermo. La guerra de la basura de
Santiago: desde el derecho a la vivienda al derecho a la ciudad. EURE
(Santiago), dic. 2004, vol.30, no.91, p.67-86. ISSN 0250-7161.
Based on a case study, the paper discusses collective political
initiatives on the part of popular groups in Santiago, Chile, and makes
a comparison with the mythical "pobladores movement" of the sixties --
"pobladores" being the name given in Chile to low-class settlers of the
urban periphery. Current mobilizations show up as being reactive,
geared at practical goals, inspired by conservatism (the defense of
what exists or is possessed) and loaded with cynicism towards political
parties and the political system. Nevertheless, and paradoxically
enough, these collective endeavors may comprise democratic traits which
the "pobladores" movement, crossed as it was by the clientist logics
put forward by political parties, lacked off. Current popular
initiatives could even include social change potential to a great
KEYWORDS: urban popular movements; local environmental conflicts;
Santiago de Chile.
DAMMERT, Lucía. ¿Ciudad sin ciudadanos? Fragmentación, segregación y
temor en Santiago. EURE (Santiago), dic. 2004, vol.30, no.91, p.87-96.
The city´s image as space of diversity and as a celebration of
difference, is under threat in Santiago. Alternative and dominant
images depict the city as conflictive, unruly, disorderly and insecure;
where difference became a dangerous element that should be excluded or
segregated. In this way, a "city without citizens" is being built, a
"no-city" in which people does not interact, just move in the space.
The main objective of this article is to analyze this situation by
focusing on one of its elements: fear of crime. The result presents
many questions that need to be addressed about the city that is being
built and the social consequences of this process.
KEYWORDS: Fear of crime; spatial fragmentation; Santiago de Chile.
GUTIERREZ, Andrea Inés. Concentración empresaria y eficiencia en el
autotransporte urbano de Buenos Aires**. EURE (Santiago), dic. 2004,
vol.30, no.91, p.97-110. ISSN 0250-7161.
This work evaluates the applied regulatory reform to the public bus
transport in Buenos Aires in 1994, according to the level of
satisfaction reached in the fulfillment of its fundamental intention,
that is to say, to increase the efficiency of the bus transport system,
and to confront these results with the evolution of the firms structure
of the industry. The results of the case in study indicate that the new
regulation framework prepared a strong process of enterprise
concentration, that did not manage to be accompanied by an increase of
the efficiency of the industry.
KEYWORDS: Public bus transport; big cities; regulation; enterprise
EURE BOOK REVIEWS
· Carlos de Mattos, María Elena Ducci, Alfredo Rodríguez y Gloria
Yáñez (eds.). Santiago en la globalización: ¿una nueva ciudad?
Santiago: SUR-EURE libros (2004).
Páez, Pablo [texto en español]
· Gonzalo Cáceres y Francisco Sabatini (eds). Barrios cerrados en
Santiago de Chile: entre la exclusión y la integración residencial.
Santiago: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy/Instituto de Geografía, P.
Universidad Católica de Chile (2004).
Corvalán, Francisca [texto en español]
· Manuel Tironi. Nueva pobreza urbana. Vivienda y capital social en
Santiago de Chile, 1985-2001. Santiago: Universidad de Chile,
Predes/RIL Editores (2003).
Blonda, Laura A [texto en español]
EURE URBAN CINEMA
· Fernando Meirelles (director). Cidade de Deus. Brasil (2002).
Greene, Ricardo [texto en español]
© 2005 Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Facultad de Arquitectura, Diseño y Estudios Urbanos
Instituto de Estudios Urbanos y Territoriales
El Comendador 1916
Casilla 16002, Correo 9
Código Postal Campus Lo Contador 6640064
Fono: (56-2) 6865511, Fax: (56-2) 2328805.
eure at puc.cl
Département d'études urbaines et touristiques
Université du Québec à Montréal
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