[URBANTH-L]displacement and migration in Africa

Francisco Gurri García fgurri at ecosur.mx
Thu Feb 12 10:07:21 EST 2009

RE: the post on displacement in Africa 

I believe that if you add the promotion of commercial agriculture, not only
in Africa but all over the world, also in the name of poverty alleviation,
you could account for most of today's urban poverty, rise of the supercity,
and related loss of cultural diversity in the rural regions of our world,
and you can add to this list the undocumented migration to "first world
countries" today.  In a way, the "illegal" migrants of today are the
grandchildren of the "Alliance for Progress" and other similar development
schemes that enriched those who sold the technology and lent third world
countries the money to buy it.

An old but good reference on the impact of Commercial agriculture: 

Fleuret P, Fleuret A (1980) Nutrition, consumption and agricultural change.
Hum Org 39(3):250-260

Francisco D. Gurri Ph.D.,
Investigador Titular B.
Antropología Ecológica,
Departamento de Población y Ambiente,
El Colegio de la Frontera Sur-Unidad Campeche.
-----Mensaje original-----
De: urbanth-l-bounces at lists.ysu.edu [mailto:urbanth-l-bounces at lists.ysu.edu]
En nombre de Barbara Rose Johnston
Enviado el: miércoles, 11 de febrero de 2009 03:48 p.m.
Para: urbanth-l at lists.ysu.edu
Asunto: [URBANTH-L]displacement and migration in Africa

RE: the post on displacement in Africa - there is 
a large body of work associated with involuntary 
displacement from large infrastructure 
development. When you add up the numbers I 
suspect you will find that post-world war II 
infrastructure development (in the name of 
poverty alleviation!) is perhaps single largest 
contribution to urban poverty, rise of the 
supercity, and related loss of cultural diversity 
in the rural regions of our world.

Some works the reflect the coninuum of perspectives are listed below.

Barbara Rose Johnston

Ahmad, N.
2003 Women, Mining, and Displacement. New Delhi: Indian Social Institute.

Bartolomé, L.
1984 Forced Resettlement and the Survival Systems of the Urban Poor.

Bartolomé, L. J., C. de Wet, H. Mander, and V. K. Nagraj
2000 Displacement, Resettlement, Rehabilitation, Reparation, and
Thematic Review 1.3. Cape Town: World Commission on Dams (WCD).
http://www.dams.org/kbase/thematic/tr13.htm, accessed June 2008.

Blaser, M., H. A. Feit, and G. McRae, eds.
2004 In the Way of Development: Indigenous Peoples, Life Projects, and
Globalization. London and New York: Zed Books.

Colchester, M.-Forest Peoples Programme
2000 Dams, Indigenous People, and Vulnerable Ethnic Minorities. Thematic
1.2. Cape Town: World Commission on Dams (WCD).
http://www.dams.org/kbase/thematic/tr12.htm, accessed June 2008

Cernea, M. M.
2005 Concept and Method: Applying the IRR Model 
in Africa to Resettlement and Poverty. In
Displacement Risks in Africa. I. Ohta and Y. D. 
Gebre, eds. Pp. 195-258. Kyoto: Kyoto
University Press.

Cernea M. M. and C. Mc Dowell, eds.
2000 Risks, Safeguards, and Reconstruction: A 
Model for Population Displacement and
Resettlement. In Risks and Reconstruction: 
Experiences of Resettlers and Refugees. 
Washington DC: World Bank.

Cernea, M.M. and S. E. Guggenheim, eds.
1993 Anthropological Approaches to Resettlement: Policy, Practice, and
Boulder, CO: Westview.

Cernea, M. M. and H. M. Mathur, eds.
2008 Can Compensation Prevent Impoverishment? Reforming Resettlement through
Investments and Benefit-Sharing. London and New Delhi: Oxford University

Clark, D. L., J. Fox, and K. Treakle, eds.
2003 Demanding Accountability: Civil Society
Claims and the World Bank Inspection Panel. Lanham, MD: Rowman and

de Wet, C
2006 Development-Induced Displacement: Problems, 
Policies and People. C. de Wet, ed. New York
and Oxford: Berghahn Books.

Council for Social Development
2008 India: Development and Displacement. Social Development Report 2008.
Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Fabricius, C., and C. de Wet
2002 The Influence of Forced Removals and Land Restitution on Conservation
South Africa. InConservation and Mobile Indigenous Peoples: Displacement,
Forced Settlement, and Sustainable Development. D. Chatty and M.
Colchester, eds. Pp. 142-157. Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books.

Hansen, A., and A. Oliver-Smith, eds.
1982 Involuntary Migration and Resettlement: The Problems and Responses of
Dislocated People. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Johnston, B. R.
2000a Reparations and the Right to Remedy. 
Briefing paper prepared for the World
Commission on Dams (WCD), July. Published on the WCD website, http://
www.dams.org/thematic/contrib._papers.php, accessed December 2000.

Oliver-Smith, A., ed.
forthcoming. Development and Dispossession. SAR Press, Santa Fe.

Redford, K. and E. Fearn, eds.
2007 Protected Areas and Human  Displacement: A 
Conservation Perspective. Working Paper 29. 
Bronx, NY: Wildlife Conservation Society.

Scudder, T.
2005 The Future of Large Dams: Dealing with 
Social, Environmental, and Political Costs.
London: Earthscan.

World Commission on Dams (WCD)
2000  Dams and Development: A New Framework for
Decision Making. Earthscan Publications, UK and USA. 
http://www.dams.org//docs/report/wcdreport.pdf, accessed August 2008.
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