[URBANTH-L]Citified robotics

Rowan EditClass bozorth25 at hotmail.com
Tue May 2 21:26:46 EDT 2006

I heard about this today from a colleague whose husband has an interest in 
this subject.
Deborah Woodell
Adjunct Professor
Rowan University
Glassboro, N.J.

AP Science Writer
    LOS ANGELES (AP) — Seven months after an unmanned Volkswagen 
successfully drove itself over the rugged desert, the Pentagon is sponsoring 
another challenge for self-driving vehicles that can weave through congested 
city traffic without causing an accident.
    The contest, to be held in November 2007, will test the vehicles’ 
ability to independently carry out a simulated military supply mission in an 
urban setting in less than six hours.
    The Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA, 
created the latest challenge to spur development of vehicles that could be 
used in the battlefield without any sort of remote control.
    Participants will have to navigate a complex 60-mile test course in a 
yet-to-be-determined city filled with moving vehicles — both manned and 
unmanned. The test course will be designed like a real city street where 
vehicles will have to make sharp turns, navigate intersections and avoid 
crashing into obstacles such as utility poles, trees and parked cars.
    Equipped only with a computer brain and sensors, the participants will 
be graded on how well they can obey traffic laws, change lanes, merge with 
moving cars and pull into a parking lot.
    The first vehicle that successfully completes the mission will win $2 
million. Unlike previous DARPA contests, in which the winner takes all, 
second-place finishers will get $500,000 while third
place will receive $250,000.
    Last October, DARPA awarded $2 million to a driverless Volkswagen SUV, 
which beat out a field of 23 vehicles by traversing 132 miles of twisting 
desert and mountain terrain. While the vehicles had to drive on rough road 
and dodge man-made obstacles, they didn’t have to drive in traffic.
    “We believe the robotics community is ready to tackle vehicle operation 
inside city limits,” DARPA director Tony Tether said in a statement.
    Stanford University computer scientist Sebastian Thrun, who won last 
year’s race, said he was excited to see DARPA take the challenge to the next 
level. Thrun said the artificial intelligence
knowledge gained from the contest could also benefit society by pushing the 
development of “smart cars” that can self-navigate on highways and 
potentially reduce accidents.
    DARPA can choose to fund certain teams to build their vehicles. In turn, 
the agency will receive some licensing rights to the technology that’s 
developed. Or teams can raise their own money to
build their vehicles. Either way, teams will face off in a semifinal match 
and the field will be winnowed down to compete in the final round.
    DARPA — faced with a congressional mandate to have a third of all 
military ground vehicles unmanned by 2015 — created its first challenge in 
2004 in the Mojave Desert. But the race ended without a winner when all the 
entrants broke down before the finish line.
    On the Net:
    DARPA Urban Challenge contest: http://www.darpa.mil/grandchallenge

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