[URBANTH-L]resend - call for papers
Mark A. Schuller
marky at umail.ucsb.edu
Wed May 9 09:52:25 EDT 2007
Sorry for re-sending but some people couldn't read the attachment.
Here it is again:
Title: Water Ethics: Human Rights, Water Equity, and Global Disparities.
Water, the blue gold of the globe, is being moved, manipulated,
dammed, polluted, commodified, and transformed from a human right to a
capitalized commodity. The Committee for Human Rights and Social
Justice (HR&SJ) of the Society for Applied Anthropology (SfAA) is
sponsoring a panel focusing on the ethics of water its
distribution, redistribution, and non-distribution; the social justice
consequences of damming rivers and relocating communities; the
changing epidemiology of water-washed and water-borne diseases and the
human consequences of those changes; and the political, economic,
social, and ecological consequences of unequal water management.
While more than 70% of the earth's surface area is covered by water,
less than 1% of the world's water is available for human consumption.
This scarcity is unevenly distributed; marginalized populations are
more vulnerable to illness as result. The World Health Organization
reports that 25,000 children die daily from illnesses associated with
drinking water. Approximately 4 billion cases of diarrhea occur each
year, killing more than 2.2 million people, and some 1.7 billion
people, more than a third of the world's population, live without
access to a safe water supply.
Water procurement, treatment, storage, and delivery too often
reinforce the disparities extant in society. This results in the
continuation of unequal access, increased morbidity and mortality for
the most marginalized members of society through water-related
diseases, such cholera, amoebic dysentery, schistosomiasis, and
onchocerciasis. Water insecurity may result from a history of water
shortages and may cause people to adopt behaviors counter to hygiene
practices recommended by the WHO, resulting in diseases like scabies,
trachoma, pinworm, tinea, conjunctivitis, skin sepsis, and ulcers.
The disposal of water from households also is implicated in the spread
of disease where sanitary systems are incomplete or absent. Gray
waters and black waters - waters containing household waste, some
including feces - may flow unchecked into streams and rivers. These
water run-offs provide breeding grounds for other disease vectors, the
contamination of downstream water sources, and the spread of parasitic
and vector-borne diseases.
Global disparities in access to reliable and clean water exacerbate
existing inequalities and are increasing due to global trade
agreements that remove water from local communities. Extensive pumping
of groundwater, the increasing corporate purchase of water, urban and
agricultural divertissement of water, and water-related development
and displacement. Policies from multinational organizations such as
the World Trade Organization and the World Bank have transformed water
into a commodity that is quickly becoming out of reach for the
majority of the worlds poor. The needs of a growing population and
major agribusiness drain aquifers and divert water at an alarming
rate, such as in the American Southwest. Globally, dam projects alone
account for at least 40 percent of development-induced displacement
every year over 4 million people.
All of these issues bring the intersection of water, inequality,
health, culture, human rights, and social justice into stark
Panelists are invited to discuss human rights and social justice
implications of water, including (but not limited to): reflections of
global practices and policies shaping access to reliable and clean
supplies of water; to the forced relocation of communities due to the
creation of dams on rivers traditionally used for livelihoods and
sustainable aquaculture; models and methods of water distribution at
the local, regional, national, and supra-national scales; water and
disease; water and migration; and water and community sustainability,
among others. We invite participants to consider the moral economy of
water and how to translate it into equity and practice. We seek to
create an international panel of scholars and practitioners from the
applied sciences: anthropology, geography, sociology, political
science, public health, and others. We especially invite applications
from colleagues outside of the U.S. to participate.
This panel is for the 2008 International Congress of Anthropological
and Ethnological Sciences, which will be held July 15-23 in Kunming,
China. We need 15 panelists to confirm their ability to participate
before we can submit the formal application. And we must have
participants from at least 3 different countries. For further
information about the conference, please see this website:
For more information, or if you have any questions, please contact
Jason Simms (jsimms2 at mail.usf.edu). If you would like to participate
on the panel, please submit your name, institution, and a short,
informal abstract (one paragraph) to Jason at the above email address.
The deadline for submission is May 31, 2007.
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